A meeting of the analytical club Economist, held at Ural State University of Economics on March 20, discussed the article by Hicham Alaoui “The aftershocks of the Arab Spring,” published in the March issue of Le Monde Diplomatique. The members of the club, operating within the walls of USUE, would like to share an analysis of the article under discussion with a wide audience.
As the USUE students, members of the club think, the author of the article, Hicham Alaoui, analyzes the current socio-economic situation in Arab countries and notes the persistence of economic and political injustice, as well as the unresolved basic problems, because of which the Arab Spring began:
· significant proportion of young unemployed population,
· stagnation of economic development,
· lack of progress in the political structure of countries.
The members of the Economist club discussed the conclusion of the author who stated that all protest movements, except for Sudan, had reached a deadlock. They also tried to answer the question that the author posed to readers: “Are monarchies an ideal solution for political stability?”
The protesters were convinced that the undermining of a monarchy was a deadline that should not be crossed.
USUE students studied statistics on domestic moods in the countries of North Africa, which Hicham Alaoui had cited in his article, and in particular, the results of surveys of residents concerning their plans for the future.
The reasons for such moods are the civil war in Syria, Libya, and Yemen, the aggressiveness of terrorist groups, and the lack of economic prospects with the most popular destination for emigration being Europe.
These statistics need to be taken into account by Russian universities participating in the project “Education Export”. Under the unfavorable epidemiological situation in Europe, this stream of young people who would like to receive higher education could be redirected partially to Russia. Moreover, lower oil prices will significantly worsen the socio-economic situation in several Arab countries. Therefore, one can predict an increase in the number of young people leaving their countries.
In general, the meeting participants noted the complexity of the situation in the countries under consideration - the unresolved long-standing socio-economic problems amid falling oil prices and, in fact, stopping the global economy, create additional social tension in the countries of North Africa and the Middle East.
The material was prepared by A.A. Glumov, an associate professor of the USUE Department of Regional and Municipal Economics and Management.